•   IF


    Reading Levels

    Decoding Challenges

    Suggestions for Instruction


    • sight word vocabulary
    • play various games using grade-level sight words daily
    • practice reading phrases with grade-level sight words daily


    • recognizing single-syllable words
    • practice sound-symbol relationships for all letters, particularly changeable vowel sounds
    • practice segmenting sounds together using finger tapping or chipping
    • provide a weekly list of ‘word study’ words for practice at home and in school
    • http://www.fcrr.org/resources/resources_sca.html


    • recognizing unknown words
    • review strategies for unknown words: looking at pictures, stretch word out using letter sounds, flipping vowel sounds, chunk out word using parts, skip and reread, use parts you know
    • have student track tricky words and look for patterns of difficulty


    • knowledge of letter sounds or word parts to help with word recognition or word meaning
    • practice sound-letter associations
    • practice chunking sounds together
    • practice with common suffixes: -s, -es, -ed, -ing
    • practice weekly word study patterns by providing word lists and sentences to read


    • spelling
    • practice segmenting sounds together using finger tapping or chipping with Elkonin boxes
    • practice rules for ‘word study’ rather than memorize, using spelling rules in writing words, sentences etc.
    • adequate practice reading/writing word study words


    • recognizing multi-syllable words
    • practice with common suffixes: -s, -es, -ed, -ing
    • practice with syllable cutting patterns: VC-CV etc.
    • provide bookmark and practice with syllable types to identify changeable vowel sounds: C-L-O-V-E-R