• Levels

    Fluency Challenges

    Suggestions for Instruction

     A-I

    • reads haltingly, one word at a time
    • practice with reading Fry’s top 100 words
    • practice reading with phrasing using Fry’s top 100 words
    • practice with repeated readings using sentences and short passages to track progress
    • use speaker phones while reading to listen for feedback of self

    A-I

    • attending to punctuation

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    • practice with phrasing using Fry’s top 100 words
    • highlight ending punctuation in short passages and student practices reading to self then aloud
    • provide practice reading letters only using punctuation
    • Reader’s Theater, reread short passages with plenty of punctuation, read poetry

     E+

    • reading too fast, blurring words, rushing through punctuation
    • highlight ending punctuation in short passages and student practices reading to self then aloud
    • Reader’s Theater, rereading passages for fluency, read poetry
    • use speaker phones while reading to listen for feedback of self

    E+

    • reading all material at the same rate
    • practice phrasing using Fry’s top 100 words
    • rereading passages and timing the
    • use speaker phones while reading to listen for feedback of self

     E+

    • reading aloud with little or no expression
    • rereading passages and timing them
    • identify when prosody is necessary: italics, punctuation, dialogue, bolded words, capital letters and provide short passages for practice

     E+

    • does not “hear” the text when reading silently
    • practice reading aloud to self, using speaker phones
    • rereading passages, taping them if appropriate so student can listen to when finished
    • practice with retelling and summarizing when appropriate

    E+

    • knows when comprehension is not occurring but does not know how to adjust reading to help
    • practice reading aloud to self, using speaker phones
    • rereading short passages 3+ times and retell
    • Know/Wonder charts for comprehension help
    • highlight what they know when they read
    • practice retelling and summarizing strategies