• Levels

    Comprehension Challenges

    Strategies for Instruction

     E+

    • recognizing when comprehension is not taking place
    • highlight and identify what does not make sense in a passage or mark with a post-it
    • read aloud to student, student practices retelling
    • practice sentence retelling

    E+

    • reads to finish rather than to understand (has fluency but little to no comprehension)
    • retelling strategies: S-W-B-S-T or timeline
    • provide icons for character, setting, problem, solution, theme
    • practice retelling strategies on post-its or after chapters
    • coding post-its while reading using symbols to practice awareness

     E+

    • using the context as a clue to help with word recognition or word meaning
    • review strategies for unknown words: looking at pictures, stretch word out using letter sounds, flipping vowel sounds, chunk out word using parts, skip and reread, use parts you know
    • track unknown words using a bookmark to pinpoint patterns of difficulty
    • provide vocabulary strategies for unknown words

     E+

    • identifying when nothing is making sense
    • highlight difficult words or sentences in text pinpointing patterns of difficulty
    • retelling strategies: S-W-B-S-T or timeline B-M-E
    • begin with sentence retell, then paragraph retell, then chapter retell

     

     E+

    • using reading strategies to help self when comprehension is not occurring
    • highlight difficult words or sentences in text pinpointing patterns of difficulty
    • retelling strategies: S-W-B-S-T or timeline B-M-E
    • begin with sentence retell, then paragraph retell, then chapter retell

     

     

    N+

    • visualizing the text
    • sketch understanding: scenes, setting, characters
    • provide icons for character, setting, problem, solution
    • act out scenes
    • T-chart strategy: Text Says/I Think

     E+

    • rereading to clarify meaning
    • rereading passages and/or books then retell
    • identify difficult words or passages in text to pinpoint difficulty
    • review student’s M-S-V strategies used

     E+

    • keeping events of text in correct order
    • Know/Wonder chart
    • T-chart strategies or chapter stop signs for retell
    • timeline of plot events or retelling on post-its

    L+

    • recognizing who is telling a story and why it is significant
    • lessons on first, second and third person
    • lessons on point of view

    K+

    • recognizing cause and effect relationships
    • T-chart strategy: If/Then or cause/effect
    • track events on a timeline
    • Actions/Outcomes/Responses chart

     K+

    • comparing and contrasting events, settings, and characters
    • T-chart strategy: Same/Different
    • tracking with a timeline

     K+

    • predicting what will happen
    • Know/Wonder chart
    • provide ‘Say Something’ prompts
    • T-chart strategy: If/Then

     

    E+

    • answering literal-level questions about the text
    • Know/Wonder/Questions chart
    • Facts/Questions/Responses chart
    • coding post-its for comprehension
    • text features: blurb, title, chapter titles, etc

     

    K+

    • making inferences, drawing conclusions, or making generalizations
    • T-chart strategy: Text Says/I Say
    • text features: blurb, title, chapter titles, etc
    • Know/Wonder/Questions chart

     

    K+

    • recognizing how point-of-view impacts a text

     

     

    • timeline with POV of character above, others below
    • T-chart strategy: (Character) Says/I Think
    • chart multiple characters in story

     

    E+

    • identifying elements in a text or synthesizing how those elements affect the meaning
    • provide icons for character, setting, problem, solution
    • text features NF: title, subheading, pictures, etc.
    • text features: blurb, title, chapter titles, etc.

     

    K+

    • connecting event(s) in the text to other texts or to events in their personal experiences
    • Know/Wonder chart
    • Chart strategy: Text Says/I Think/Another Text

     

    K+

    • Relating to what is being presented in text to what is already known
    • Know/Wonder chart
    • T-chart strategy: Text Says/I Know or Text Says/I Think

     

    E+

    • recalling information from a text
    • sketch understanding
    • provide icons for character, setting, problem, solution
    • retelling strategies: S-W-B-S-T or timeline
    • use post-it notes for tracking recall

     E+

    • summarizing the important points in a text
    • sketch understanding
    • provide icons for character, setting, problem, solution
    • retelling strategies: S-W-B-S-T or timeline important scenes

     K+

    • creating questions about a text
    • Know/Wonder/Questions chart
    • T-chart strategy: Text Says/Questions I Have

     E+

    • distinguishing how to read for information
    • provide visuals for NF text structures to identify
    • discuss use of text features in NF
    • Read it all! (text features)
    • Retell strategies for NF

     E+

    • identifying how one genre differs from another
    • provide elements of genres they are studying
    • code post-its of genre elements: Notice and Note for Fiction, S-P-A-R-E-D for NF

     

    K+

     

    • synthesizing the main idea
    • tag’ text features they use in NF to explain text
    • synthesize integrating features within text in small group and conferring
    • compare main idea to theme work

     

    E+

    • using NF text features to aid comprehension
    • ‘tag’ text features they use in NF to explain text
    • synthesize integrating features within text in small group and conferring
    • Don’t skip it! Read everything in NF

     E+

    • expressing thoughts or ideas in small or large-group settings
    • provide talking stems
    • put in a group of three with strong student models for turn-and-talk or book clubs
    • practice look-for points in a text for talking

     E+

    • developing useful strategies for figuring out the meaning of unknown words (vocabulary)
    • provide four types of clues readers might use: definition, restatements, contrasting words, gist clues
    • keep track of new words on bookmarks/notebooks
    • provide a rating system for new words: know it, think I might know it, heard it don’t know, never heard it